Laxman temple, Khajuraho, the holy place and symbolic form
The Lakshmana Temple is one of the three largest temples in Khajuraho and the Western group and is believed to have been built by the earliest (c. 954) Chandela rulers.
Built by the Chandela kings, the Lakshmana Temple is one of the first magnificent structures established in Khajuraho. This beautiful temple known as an architectural marvel is one of the largest temples established in the western wing of the Khajuraho complex.
The temple faces east and is dedicated to Vishnu by an inappropriate name instead of Lakshmana, the brother of King Ram, the hero of the epic Ramayana. The temple is about 25.9 meters tall, it is tall.
The temple is clearly famous for sexual carvings on the southern side of the temple (Figure 12-13), although it is a small fraction of the Shringar clan.
Ideal female beauty
Statue of a woman extracting a thorn from her foot, outer wall on the north-west side, Lakshmana temple, Khajuraho, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Take a closer look at the image on the left. Imagine a beautiful woman walking barefoot with her hostess. She steps on a fork and bends her leg alternately, rotates her body, and pulls it backward – to point to the fork and ask for her attendant’s help in removing it. As she turns, the viewer sees her face: it has a slim nose, plump lips, arched eyebrows and lotus petal-shaped eyes like a full moon. While his right-hand points to a thorn in his leg, his left-hand rises in a gesture of reassurance.
Images of such beautiful women from the north-western outer wall of the Lakshmana temple of Khajuraho in India have enticed audiences for centuries. Portraying the ideal female beauty was important to the temple architecture and was considered auspicious, even protective. Texts written for temple builders describe various types of women to include in the temple sculpture
The texts written for the temple builders describe various types of women for inclusion in the temple sculpture program and emphasize their roles as symbols of fertility, development, and prosperity. Additionally, images of girlfriends known as Mithuna (literally “the state of being a couple”) appear in the Lakshmana temple as a symbol of divine union and salvation, the final release from the world (of death and rebirth. wheel).
The temples of Khajuraho, including the Lakshmana temple, are famous for these abstract paintings – some of which depict pictorial intercourse. These erotic images were not intended to be titled or provocative, but instead performed the important ritual and symbolic work for the builders, patrons, and devotees of these captivating structures.
Chandel rule in Khajuraho
The first of the many temples built by the Chandela kings in the newly built capital of Khajuraho was the Laxman Temple. Between the 10th and 13th centuries, the Chandelas patronized artists, poets and artists, and built sandstone irrigation systems, palaces, and numerous temples.
At one time more than 80 temples were present in this temple, including several Hindu temples dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. Temples were also built to honor the divine teachers of Jainism (an ancient Indian religion). There are about 30 temples in Khajuraho even today.
The original patron of the Lakshmana temple was the Chandela clan, a leader of the Yashovarman, who gained control of areas in the Bundelkhand region of central India that were once part of the larger Pratihara dynasty. Yashovarman demanded the construction of a temple to legitimize his rule over these areas, although he died before its completion. His son Dhananga completed the work and 954 C.E.
Nagara style architecture
The Lakshmana temple has an image of Vishnu in its three-headed form known as the central deity Vaikuntha, which also sits inside the inner womb chamber of the temple, which is called the center of all Hindu temples, regardless of size or location Known as Garbagariha-architectural facility. The womb chamber is the symbolic and physical core of the temple. It is dark, windowless, and designed for intimate, personal worship of the divine – quite different from the larger Christian worship sites that feature many Christian churches and Muslim mosques.
The Laxman temple is a classic example of the Nagara style Hindu temple architecture. In its most original form, a Nagar Mandir consists of a temple known as Vimana (essentially the shell of the womb chamber) and a flat-roofed entrance porch. The temple of Nagar temples consists of a base platform and a large superstructure known as Shikhar (mountain peak), which the viewer can see from afar.
Approve of the divine
Devotees reach the Lakshmana temple from the east and revolve around its entirety – an activity known as the periphery. They start walking along the large ground at the base of the temple, starting from the left of the stairs in a clockwise direction. Sculpted pieces depicting many images of everyday life, love, and war and recall many historical events of the Chandela period (see image below and Google Street View).
Block of the legend surrounding the temple at the temple level, Laxman Temple, Khajuraho, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Ganesh in Ala, the wall of outer pavilion, south side, Laxman Temple, Khajuraho, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Devotees then climb the stairs and encounter another set of images on the outer wall of the temple, including the Gods carved in Niches (pictured, in Google Street View). Elephant-headed Ganesha appears in one place (left). His presence suggests that devotees are moving in the right direction for the circumference, as Ganesha is a God who usually worships at the beginning of things.
Other fabricated faces appear around in vibrant, active postures: hips bent arms, and bowed heads, creating a dramatic “triple-bend” contrapposto pose, all emphasizing three-dimensionality in deep relief. Are carved in It is here – on the outer junction wall between the aeronaut and the pavilion (see picture above) – where devotees are confronted with erotic images added to the sexual union. This location of the architectural junction performs a symbolic function of the articulation of the “joined” joints as accents, vimana and mandapa join.
There are four small, subsidiary temples on each corner of the plinth. These temples appear like miniature temples with their own vimana, Shikhar, mandapa, and images of deities, basically other forms or avatars of Vishnu. After orbiting the exterior of the temple, the devotees encounter three pavilions, which prepare them to enter the Vimana. Each pavilion has a pyramid-shaped roof that increases in size as devotees move from east to west.
Groups located on the outskirts of the temple including Shiva, Mithuna, and erotic couples, Lakshmana Temple, Khajuraho, Chhatarpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Once the devotees pass through the third and final pavilion, they find an enclosed passage along the temple wall, allowing them to circle this sacred structure in a clockwise direction. The functions of the circumference, revolving around the various components of the temple, allowing devotees to physically experience this sacred place and the body of the divine with it.