Indian Architecture One of the most enduring achievements of Indianisation is undoubtedly its architecture.
Indian architecture, which has developed because of inequalities, is the result of socio-economic and geographical conditions. Space and time occupy a large part of a variety of Indian architectural styles, which have been transformed by the forces of historian unique to India.
As a result of the vast variations, the vast range of architectural patterns has evolved, which maintain a certain amount of continuity in history.
Types of Architecture: Colonial Architecture Islamic Architecture Ancient Architecture Cave Architecture Rock Cuttemple Architecture Colonial Architecture Like all other aspects of society, colonial India also had a great influence on architecture.
Colonialism marked a new chapter in Indian architecture. Although the Dutch, Portuguese and French people made their presence felt through their buildings, it was the English, which had India’s permanent influential architecture.
Attempts to create authority through classical prototypes at the beginning of colonial rule. In its later phase, colonial architecture is called Indo-Saracenic architecture. Indo-Saracenic architecture added characteristics of Hindu, Islamic, and Western elements.
Colonial architecture exhibited institutional, civic, and utilitarian buildings such as post offices, railway stations, rest houses, and government buildings. Such buildings began to be built over the entire empire in Largen.
Colonial architecture in India not only carried forward development from the metropolis but also drew inspiration from the existing architecture in India.
Examples: Sant home Church, Chennai All Saints Cathedral, Allahabad St. George’s Cathedral, Chennai Gole Market, New Delhi Medak Cathedral, Telangana indo Islamic Architecture A splendid development took place in the field of architecture during medieval times. With the arrival of Muslims in India, many new facilities were introduced in the buildings. The development of Muslim style architecture of this period can be called Indo-Islamic architecture or Indian architecture influenced by Islamic art.
The Indo-Islamic style was neither fundamentalist nor strict Hindu. The architecture of the medieval period is divided into two main categories. They are Delhi or Imperial style and Mughal architecture.
The Imperial style developed under the patronage of the Sultans of Delhi. The Mughal architecture was a mixture of Indian architecture of Central Asia and Hindu architecture of India. Examples: Qutub Miner, New Delhi Alai Darwaja, New Delhi Agra Fort, Agra Taj Mahal, Agra Red Fort, New Delhi Agent Architecture Indian architecture is as old as historian civilization. The earliest remains of recognizable building construction in India are in the cities of the Indus Valley. Among the ancient architectural remains of India, the most characteristic is temples, chaityas, viharas, stupas, and other religious structures.
In ancient India, high-level temple architecture developed in almost all areas. The distinctive architectural style of temple construction in various parts was the result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical, and linguistic variations.
Examples: Akshardham Temple, Delhi Virupaksha Temple, Karnataka Karla Caves, Maharashtra Ellora Caves, Maharashtra Cave Architecture in India is believed to have started during ancient times. These caves were used by Buddhists and Jainmans as places of worship and residence. Initially, the caves were excavated in western India. Some examples of such caves are Chaityaputra Chaitya and Vihara of Buddhism. The great cave of Karle is also one such example, where the great chaityas and viharas were excavated by breaking rocks.
Examples: Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra Bhaja Caves, Bed Beds Caves of Maharashtra, Sitanavasal in Maharashtra, Cut-off the rock-cut structures of Tamil Nadu offer the most spectacular specimen of ancient Indian art. Most rock-cut formations had close ties to various religions and religious activities.
In the beginning, notable Buddhist and Jain rock-cut structures were built in areas such as Bihar in the east and Maharashtrian in the west. Many caves were excavated by Buddhist caves for prayer and residence purposes. The best examples of this are Chaitya (prayer) and Vihara (monastery). Inside these rock-cut structures, windows and balconies, and gates were engraved as huge arch-shaped openings.
Rock-architecture occupies a very important place in the history of Indian architecture. Rock-cut architecture differs from traditional construction in many ways. Rock-cut art is similar to sculpture architecture because the structures were constructed by cutting solid rocks. Some of the major rock-cut structures of ancient India are chaityas, viharas, temples, etc.
Kailasa Temple, Ellora Panch Rath, Mahabalipuram Barbar Caves, Bihar Badami Cave Temple, Karnataka Ajanta Cave, Ancient Architecture in Maharashtra, Architecture of high-powered temples have developed in almost all areas.
The distinctive architectural style of temple construction in various parts was the result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical, and linguistic variations.
Ancient Indian temples are classified into three types. This classification is based on various adorable styles employed in the construction of temples. There are three main styles of temple architecture – Nagra or Northern style, Dravidian or Southern-style and
Esra or mixed style. But along with this, there are some regional styles of Bengal, Kerala, and Himalayan regions.
Examples: Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur Jagadamba Temple, Madhya Pradesh Sun Temple, Modhera Konark Sun Temple, Orissa Chennakeshwar Temple, Karnataka