More information: Indian rock-cut architecture
Around the same time, rock-cut architecture developed in Bihar starting with the already highly sophisticated and state-sponsored Barbar caves, personally dedicated by Ashoka c. 250 BC These artificial caves exhibit an amazing level of technical proficiency, being extremely hard granite rock cut in geometric fashion and polished to a mirror-like finish.
due to the second century BCE collapse of the Maurya Empire and the subsequent persecution of Buddhism under Pushyamitra Sunga, it is believed that many Buddhists migrated to the Deccan under the patronage of the Andhra dynasty, thus cave-building in western India The effort was transferred. : A major effort to build religious caves (usually Buddhist or Jain) continued there until the 2nd century AD along with the Karla caves or the Pandavleni caves. [2aves] These caves generally follow an aphrodisiac plan with a stupa in the back for chaitya, and a rectangular plan with adjoining cells for viharas. Many donors provided
Funds for the construction of these caves and left donation inscriptions, including Lottie, members of the clergy, government officials, and even foreigners.
The construction of the caves after the second century was probably due to the rise of Mahayana Buddhism and the associated intensive architecture and artistic production in Gandhara and Amravati. The construction of rock-cut caves will briefly revive in the 5th century AD, with the spectacular achievements of Ajanta and Ellora, before Hinduism replaces Buddhism in the subcontinent, and stands – Alone temples were built. Is more prevalent.
Rock-cut architecture also developed in India with ages ranging from a hundred to 400 years. Subsequently, the construction of wells at Dhanak (550–725 CE) and the pond at Bhinmal (Bh50 – 950 CE) was stepped on.